300-Year-Old Church Built Without Nails

Kizhi is a narrow strip of island on Lake Onega in the Republic of Karelia, Russia. Dozens of historical wooden buildings were moved to the island from various parts of Karelia for preservation purposes in the 1950s. Today, the entire island is a national open-air museum. The most famous building on the island is the 22-domed Transfiguration Church. The massive church is 121 feet tall and made entirely of wood, making it one of the tallest log structures in the world. It was laid in 1714 after the old one was burned by lightning. Thousands of logs were brought to the island for construction, a monumental task in that time period. The main builder used one axe for the entire construction, and not one nail was used. All structures were made of scribe-fitted horizontal logs with interlocking corners. The roofs were made of spruce planks, and the domes are covered in aspen. The church was intended for use only during the summer, as the church has no heating.